Logic OR Gate
A Logic OR Gate or InclusiveOR gate is a type of digital logic gate that has an output which is normally at logic level “0” and only goes “HIGH” to a logic level “1” when one or more of its inputs are at logic level “1”.
The output, Q of a “Logic OR Gate” only returns “LOW” again when ALL of its inputs are at a logic level “0”. In other words for a logic OR gate, any “HIGH” input will give a “HIGH”, logic level “1” output.The logic or Boolean expression given for a digital logic OR gate is that for Logical Addition which is denoted by a plus sign, ( + ) giving us the Boolean expression of: A+B = Q.
Then we can define the operation of a 2input logic OR gate as being:
“If either A or B is true, then Q is true”
2input Transistor OR Gate
A simple 2input logic OR gate can be constructed using RTL Resistortransistor switches connected together as shown below with the inputs connected directly to the transistor bases. Either transistor must be saturated “ON” for an output at Q.Digital Logic “OR” Gate Types
The 2input Logic OR Gate
Symbol

Truth
Table


2input
OR Gate

B

A

Q

0

0

0


0

1

1


1

0

1


1

1

1


Boolean
Expression Q = A+B

Read as
A OR B gives Q

The 3input Logic OR Gate
Symbol

Truth Table


3input
OR Gate

C

B

A

Q

0

0

0

0


0

0

1

1


0

1

0

1


0

1

1

1


1

0

0

1


1

0

1

1


1

1

0

1


1

1

1

1


Boolean
Expression Q = A+B+C

Read as
A OR B OR C gives Q

Like the AND gate, the OR function can have any number of individual inputs. However, commercial available OR gates are available in 2, 3, or 4 inputs types. Additional inputs will require gates to be cascaded together for example.
Multiinput OR Gate
If the number of inputs required is an odd number of inputs any “unused” inputs can be held LOW by connecting them directly to ground using suitable “Pulldown” resistors.
Commonly available digital logic OR gate IC’s include:
TTL Logic OR Gates
 74LS32 Quad 2input
CMOS Logic OR Gates
 CD4071 Quad 2input
 CD4075 Triple 3input
 CD4072 Dual 4input